Should Christians keep the Passover or the Last Supper?

There is a great deal of misunderstanding within the Churches of God (those keeping the Sabbath and the Holy Days of Lev 23) about when the Passover lambs were killed at the time Jesus was on earth.

This confusion has resulted in an attempt to combine the NT Last Supper with the OT Passover, and thus losing some important points that should be made by both.

As I understand it, the Sunday keeping churches, are even more confused about how to follow the instructions Jesus gave during the Last Supper.

A big part of the problem is that because the translators in general do not keep the Lev 23 Holy Days, they miss some of the more subtle points being made in the NT, and end up giving the world some bad translations.

However, there is enough evidence available in both the Old Testament (OT) and New Testament (NT) for us to be able to overcome the errors in the translations. Once we can see around the current errors, we can see that the events described, fit into the Scriptures like a hand into a glove.

One Biblical Day.

I feel the place to start is Lev 23:32, because it makes a good point about just what is a day in Biblical terms.

Lev 23:32 NET.  It is a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves on the ninth day of the month in the evening, from evening until evening you must observe your Sabbath."

V32 is talking about the Day of Atonement, but it brings up the point that the day starts in the evening and ends the following evening. It also brings out the point that we need to be humble (started our fasting) before the day starts at Sunset. We should also use this principle with the Sabbath, and be in "Sabbath mode" as the day begins, not just dropping our tools minutes before.

If you like, God's Holy Days and Sabbath, can overlap into the day before and the day following, rather than being confined to just the seconds of the actual day.

We need this information to correctly understand about what time the Passover lamb was killed.

When was the Passover lamb killed?

This is a place where the translators are not on top of things.

Exo 12:6 NET.  You must care for it until the fourteenth day of this month, and then the whole community of Israel will kill it around sundown.

There are a number of sources (including the NIV Concordance) that point out what has been translated as "around sundown" comes from the Hebrew "between the evenings".

An important point to understand here is that Strongs is based on the King James Bible, not the original Hebrew or Greek. If there is a mistake in the KJV - as there is in the way they have translated "between the evenings" - then there will also be a mistake in the way Strong puts the English back into Hebrew. While Strong's is good and is very helpful, it turns out that it is not totally accurate. In this case particularly,  we need an Interlinear (direct translation from the Hebrew) to get a better translation.

We need to let the Bible tell us what time of the day is being referred to in Exodus 12:6. This can be done by linking some instructions about the original Passover in Exodus.

Exo 12:18 NET.  In the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you will eat bread made without yeast until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening.

Which " evening" in v18 is being talked about - the start of the day or the end of the day?  Remember Lev 23:32 shows us that parts of both can be included. This verse does not tell us, but if we read on we can find out.

Verse 18 also gives us the ending day for eating unleavened bread - the 21st of the month. Now notice the verse following.

Exo 12:19 NET.  For seven days yeast must not be found in your houses, for whoever eats what is made with yeast — that person will be cut off from the community of Israel, whether a foreigner or one born in the land.

The seven days - as instructed - ends on the 21st of the month. Counting backwards, seven days must start on the 15th. So, the "in the evening" in verse 18 has to be the "even" at the END of the 14th day - not the start of the day.

This is confirmed by:

Exo 12:15 NET. "For seven days you must eat bread made without yeast. Surely on the first day you must put away yeast from your houses because anyone who eats bread made with yeast from the first day to the seventh day will be cut off from Israel.

God's instructions are clear - the leavened bread is to be put out of our living quarters at the START of the 15th day - the First Holy Day of Unleavened Bread. A few minutes into the start of the Holy Day, with a simple ceremony, the leavened bread is taken away and the unleavened bread is brought out - and then eaten for the SEVEN days.

Now notice what type of bread is eaten with the Passover lamb.

Exo 12:8 NET.  They will eat the meat the same night; they will eat it roasted over the fire with bread made without yeast and with bitter herbs.

If you can follow the logic of Exodus 12:8,15,18,19  (Passover lamb eaten with unleavened bread, no unleavened bread put out for eating until the start of the 15Th) - the Passover lamb has to be eaten during the night of the 15th.

Therefore the Passover lamb is killed towards the end of the 14th day.

"between the evenings" is a time between noon and sunset - usually around 3:00pm.

Comments on three other OT verses.

There are two other verses that are brought up when discussing "between the evenings", so let's have a look at them.

Num 33:3 NET.  They departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the day after the Passover [H6453] the Israelites went out defiantly in plain sight of all the Egyptians.

At first reading, this could be saying that the Passover was on the 14th, since they left "on the day after" and that was the 15th.  The problem is caused by the Passover activities taking place over two days, and the same Hebrew word (H6453) can refer to either the victim or the Festival. Since there is the killing of the lamb (victim) on the 14th, and then its eating (Festival) on the 15th,  you have to know what is going on before you can get the translation right.

The question we need to ask is - what part of the Passover is being referred to in verse 3?

At the time this was written, I can well imagine that the blood on the door posts which saved their lives, was more important to them than a belly full of roast lamb.  Therefore the killing of the lamb on the 14th is what is being referred to in verse 3, and it all makes perfect sense, with what we have established previously.

The second verse referred to is:-

Exo 12:22 NET.  Take a branch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and apply to the top of the doorframe and the two side posts some of the blood that is in the basin. Not one of you is to go out the door of his house until morning.

In hind-sight Moses could have said "Not one of you is to go out the door of his house until about 1:00am when Pharoah's Storm Troopers come round and throw you out".  Notice Ex12:31 "in the night".

His original instruction has been translated "morning", but this can be taken as almost any time after midnight. The word "morning" is from H1242 "boqer" - notice how it is used in Gen 1:13 (refers to 12 hours) and Ruth 3:14 (too dark to recognize people).

We should not force our modern meaning of "morning" back into the OT.

The third verse referred to is:-

Exo 16:12 Darby  I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak to them, saying, Between the two evenings [before sunset] ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am Jehovah your God.

Exo 16:13 NET.  In the evening the quail came up and covered the camp, and in the morning a layer of dew was all around the camp.

In v13 the word for evening [after sunset] is used.

Rather than trying to make the two different periods of time refer to just one, it could simply mean that their eating started before sunset but the main eating continued after sunset. Or, there could be a copying error and it could read "By the evening the quail had come up and ...".  This is a clear case of where we have to use the First Rule for reading the Bible - put the words from God's mouth first, and also the Second Rule - and go with the theme, not a specific verse or two.

The Sabbath (the day the quails arrived) is not a fast day, and there are no restrictions on preparing and eating food on the Sabbath (Ex 12:16 - if it is OK for a Holy Day then it certainly is OK for the Sabbath, Ex 16:23 - what was left would be baked or boiled on the Sabbath, just like it was on Friday).

Time for deleavening our homes.

As we have already seen, there is a specific time set by God in the Bible to make the "switch" between leavened bread and unleavened bread. The seven days ending on the 21st, means that the change-over point is at the beginning of the 15th.

The tradition that is held by most Church of God people in spending weeks "deleavening" their homes is completely at odds with God's clear instructions.

The reason we put out leaven is to remind us of the SPEED with which Israel came out of Egypt, and the DAY.

Deu 16:3 NET.  You must not eat any yeast with it; for seven days you must eat bread made without yeast, symbolic of affliction, for you came out of Egypt hurriedly. You must do this so you will remember for the rest of your life the day you came out of the land of Egypt.

 It has NOTHING to do with "leaven = sin" - at least no more than "Kingdom of God = sin" (Mat 13:33). Yes, the Apostle Paul does draw the analogy that yeast is like sin (1 Cor 5:8), but this gives us no right to overrule the words spoken by God (the ones we are to live by - Mat 4:4) by the words written by a man.

I estimate that they had to travel about 40 miles (64 km) a day to get to the place where they crossed the Red Sea. Solomon marked the entrance and exit points with stone pillars, but only the one at the entry point  is still in position today (thanks to the Israel Army standing it back up). Covering this distance in six days left no time to wait for bread to rise, and the "pillar of fire" allowed them to travel during the night as well as the day (Deut 16:1).

Exo 13:21 NET.  Now the LORD was going before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them in the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel day or night.

The reason we go a week without leavened bread and leavened products, is because God wants us to think back to the Exodus, and the might and power displayed by God in bringing Israel out of bondage.

Yes - there was "affliction" in that they had to travel hard to reach the Red Sea, but all the glory should go to God.

Time for the Evening Sacrifice?

The time for the killing of the Passover lamb and the evening sacrifice, are both given  - in the Hebrew - as "between the evenings". If we can deduce when the evening sacrifice took place, then that will also confirm the time for the killing of the Passover lamb. People have put forward two times as possible explanations for the phrase "between the evenings" - between noon and sunset, or between sunset and dark. I will refer to the two options as "before sunset" or "after sunset"

Without jumping to conclusions, let us look at some places where the time "between the evenings" is used, or the evening sacrifice is spoken about, and try to see what fits best.


A thought, and something to keep in mind.

Near the equator, the time between sunset and dark varies about 15 to 30 minutes. God does not give one set of laws for those living near the equator and another for those living away from the equator. So, just because some countries have hours between sunset and dark (during a Northern hemisphere Summer for example), we should not use that to "justify" the time available after sunset to do certain things.

Back to Elijah.

1Ki 18:29 KJV  And it came to pass, when midday was past, and they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that there was neither voice, nor any to answer, nor any that regarded.

Once midday has been passed, we are in the time of "before sunset" for "between the evenings"

1Ki 18:36 NET.  When it was time for the evening offering, Elijah the prophet approached the altar and prayed: "O LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, prove today that you are God in Israel and that I am your servant and have done all these things at your command.

When we look at all the things that happened after the sacrifice was consumed by fire - bringing the prophets down from the top of the mountain, killing them, then climbing back up, praying seven times
and the servant still being able to see the sea - and then being told that it became dark because of dark clouds not sunset (v45), the most logical time for the evening sacrifice is around 3:00pm.

If the evening sacrifice was "after sunset" - or around half an hour after sunset - then there just is not enough time for all these things to happen before natural darkness descends, and even more so the closer you go to the equator.

When I was trying to point this out to someone, they wrote back and said it could not be the evening sacrifice, as that could only be done in Jerusalem. The human mind will skip over words. The Bible said Elijah's sacrifice was at the TIME of the evening sacrifice - it does not say he was making the evening sacrifice.

This ability (or lack of it) to not understand all that is being said was displayed big time by the disciples.

Luk 18:31-34 NET.  Then Jesus took the twelve aside and said to them, "Look, we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written about the Son of Man by the prophets will be accomplished.  (32)  For he will be handed over to the Gentiles; he will be mocked, mistreated, and spat on.  (33)  They will flog him severely and kill him. Yet on the third day he will rise again."  (34)  But the twelve understood none of these things. This saying was hidden from them, and they did not grasp what Jesus meant.

In their minds, they were about to witness the restoration of the kingdom of Israel - even arguing about who would get the best positions - and those thoughts completely blocked out what Jesus was saying to them. So it is very human, if your mind is already made up, not to hear (or see) what is being said.

2 Chron 35:7-9

Keeping the story short, they had 37,600 passover lambs to kill, before the end of "between the evenings".

Taking sunset as 6:00pm (which is close around the equinox), technically there is up to six hours for the job to be done if we are looking at the "before sunset" situation. The animals were killed, bled and skinned (v11), and if this could be done in six minutes per lamb, then around 940 men could do the job between 1:00pm and 5:00pm, or 627 could do the job between noon and sunset (6:00pm).

Since men should not use sharp knives in the dark, the "after sunset" time only allows about an hour (more or less depending on where you are) for the job to be done. To kill 37,600 lambs in one hour would require about 3,760 men (if my maths is right). Having  3,760 Levities available and the space to work in, in order to get the job done on time, makes it highly unlikely that this is how it was done. Also, since they could not start cooking the lambs till long after sunset, what time was the last lamb that was killed cooked? Midnight? The lambs were cooked whole - which would take longer - so to be ready for the "Passover meal" the cooking would have to start well before sunset.

The "before sunset" time fits much better than the "after sunset" time.

Num 28:4

Num 28:4 MKJV  The one lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer between the evenings [check with an Interlinear not Strongs, that the original Hebrew does indeed say "between the evenings"].

Num 28:4 YLT  the one lamb thou preparest in the morning, and the second lamb thou preparest between the evenings;

This is very simple and can be easily understood.

If the first offering for the day is in the morning, then the second offering for the day, must happen before the day ends. Therefore it must be offered before sunset (the end of the day). As best as I can see, the OT always talks of a morning sacrifice followed by the evening sacrifice.

Any one should be able to figure out that if there are two parts of a daily sacrifice, then both parts have to fit between a sunset and the following sunset (a Biblical day). However, someone that has been taught error from the beginning, and then had that error repeated many times over many years, often can not follow the simple logic.

Christ told us to live by the words from God's mouth (Mat 4:4). If we move the second sacrifice for the day till after sunset, then it becomes the "first" sacrifice of the next day, and we have disobeyed the clear instructions from God Himself.

The New Testament.

OK, now that we have the OT information that the evening sacrifice and the passover lamb were both killed between noon and sunset, and unleavened bread is only available at the start of the 15th, and  the passover lamb is eaten from the beginning of the 15th, let us now look at how this fits in with the NT information.

Five times, John connects the Feast Days that Jesus kept, with the Jewish nation (John 2:13, 5:11, 6:4, 7:2, 11:55). In John 7 we read about people living away from Jerusalem, leaving their area and going up to Jerusalem. It was a national Feast that Jesus and His disciples kept, not a Feast of a sect or minority group.

Fred Coulter in his book "The Christian Passover" on pages 439 - 443, has material showing that the Jews knew that the evening sacrifice and the Passover sacrifice took place mid afternoon.  They would estimate the number of Passover lambs to be killed and skinned, and then they would move the starting time forward in order to get the job done on time. On non-special days, the evening sacrifice would have started about 3:00pm, when the year was close to an equinox, as it is at Passover time.

Sorting out the translation errors.

The mid-afternoon killing of the Passover lamb on the 14th, fits like a glove into the NT information about Jesus's last 24 hours alive on earth, once we resolve the apparent contradiction between Mat 26:17 ("first day of Unleavened Bread"), Mar 14:12 (the same expression), Luke 22:8 (go prepare the Passover), John 13:1 (Last Supper before the Passover Feast), and the OT facts (Passover lamb killed during the afternoon of the 14th).

This is where the translators - who do not keep God's Holy Days as listed in Lev 23 - make a horrible job of things.

By way of background,  Let's look at,

Joh 11:55 NET.  Now the Jewish feast of Passover was near, and many people went up to Jerusalem from the rural areas before the Passover to cleanse themselves ritually.

Joh 12:12 NET.  The next day [from v1, this is 5 days before Passover] the large crowd that had come to the feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem.

From these verses, the Believer's Bible Commentary, and other books, it was the tradition to go up to Jerusalem a few days before the Passover, and have a family/friends get-together and meal on those nights leading up to the Passover. Just as today, we often include meals or events that happen on our way to the Feast of Tabernacles as part of our Feast stories, the word Passover  (G3957 - the day, or the sacrifice, or the meal) was used to also describe the events leading up to the actual killing of the lamb. It was also used at times to refer to the Days of Unleavened Bread as well. In other words, we should see it as having a wide usage rather than a narrow one.

So, when G3957 is to be translated, we have to know the date and time of day to be able to correctly translate it. 

In chapter 13, John makes two very good points.

Joh 13:1-2 NET.  Just before the Passover feast, Jesus knew that his time had come to depart from this world to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now loved them to the very end.  (2)  The evening meal was in progress, and the devil had already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, that he should betray Jesus.

John clearly identifies that the events of the Last Supper are not the official Passover feast - which was to come later. Thus, the Last Supper and the Passover meal are two separate events, and one has only leavened bread available, while the other has only unleavened bread.

This is a very important fact, and has great ramifications that we need to be aware of.

Back to Mat 26 and Mark 14.

Mat 26:17 NET.  Now on the first day of the feast of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus and said, "Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover [G3957]?"

"first" is from G4413, and while "first" is a valid translation, it can also be translated as "coming before" (Thayer - "first in time or place"). Very similar, but when we are talking about Unleavened Bread, the "first day of ULB" and the "day coming before ULB" are two different days. When we are using G3957 in a general sense, we have to know all the facts before we can translate it correctly.

A more accurate translation of Mat 26:17 could be,

Mat 26:17 NET.  Now the day before the feast of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus and said, "Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the evening meal at the start of the Passover  day?

Luke 22:8

Luke was writing down reports that were circulating some 30 years after the actual events. Luke was not an eyewitness himself - he just relied on what he was told.

Luk 1:1-3 NLT  Many people have set out to write accounts about the events that have been fulfilled among us.  (2)  They used the eyewitness reports circulating among us from the early disciples.  (3)  Having carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I also have decided to write a careful account for you, most honorable Theophilus,

Unfortunately, in the telling and retelling of the events, some of the facts got dropped and others got merged. There are over 60 places where Luke records things differently to the actual eyewitnesses like Matthew and Mark and John.

Thus we should read the word "Passover" as a general term including the preparation day as well, which would be easy for people to do over time.

Now the comments John says about the Jews in John 18 and 19 makes perfect sense.

Joh 18:28 NET.  Then they brought Jesus from Caiaphas to the Roman governor's residence. (Now it was very early morning.) They did not go into the governor's residence so they would not be ceremonially defiled, but could eat the Passover meal.

The time for the killing of the Passover lambs and their eating was still in the future.

Joh 19:14 NET.  (Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover, about noon. ) Pilate said to the Jewish leaders, "Look, here is your king!"

Obviously these events are taking place on the 14th - the day the Passover lambs were killed. John 19:14 again proves that the meal Jesus had with His disciples at the beginning of the 14th could not have been the Passover meal. Here He is before Pilate, and the killing of the Passover lambs is still future. It is just the preparation day. Remember, the 14th is not a Holy Day, and is not a part of Unleavened Bread, and while it is the preparation day for the following Holy Day, the most significant event is that the Passover lamb has to be killed on that day.

Mat 27:45 NET.  Now from noon until three, darkness came over all the land.

Since the priests could legally start killing the Passover lambs after noon, I have no doubt that the darkness was used to stop them from doing so - untill the most important "lamb" of the day was killed. Jesus died around 3:00pm (Mat 27:46) - about the same time the daily evening sacrifice had been killed for hundreds of years prior. The type of the evening sacrifice was fulfilled exactly.

To me, the New Testament is clear, Jesus kept the same Holy Days, and at the same time, as the general Jewish population. The Pharisees and Sadducees were constantly looking for something to prove Jesus was wrong. If He was keeping the Holy Days on different days than the general population, then they would have had their ammunition. 

There are two different events.

The NT Last Supper meal that Jesus had with the disciples precedes the OT Passover meal by about 24 hours.

They are two different events - and it has to be this way.

Heb 9:10 NET.  They served only for matters of food and drink and various washings; they are external regulations imposed until the new order came.

If we have a "new order" then that implies that there is also an "old order".

Heb 9:15 NET.  And so he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the eternal inheritance he has promised, since he died to set them free from the violations committed under the first covenant.

Verse 15 confirms that there is a "first covenant" - also called the Old Testament Covenant - and a "new covenant" - called the New Testament Covenant. The two covenants continue to run in parallel, as we can see by what is happening in the New Jerusalem after God and Christ return to earth.

Zec 14:21 NET.  Every cooking pot in Jerusalem and Judah will become holy in the sight of the LORD who rules over all, so that all who offer sacrifices may come and use some of them to boil their sacrifices in them. On that day there will no longer be a Canaanite [trader - see Mat 21:13] in the house of the LORD who rules over all.

Clearly, there will still be the opportunity to make animal sacrifices in the Millennium. Thus, those still following the "old order" will kill and eat a Passover lamb, those who are following the "new order" will partake of the symbols of the Last Supper, or the Memorial of Christ's death, on the evening before.

The different meanings.

The Old Covenant - as outlined in the Old Testament - was, as described in Hebrews, only a shadow, or a reminder, of greater things to come.

The person making a sacrifice, felt better, and felt that they had restored their relationship with God, but there was no deep and lasting change brought about on the inside. Sooner or later they would sin again, and have to repeat the process.

 Heb 10:1-4 NET      For the law possesses a shadow of the good things to come but not the reality itself, and is therefore completely unable, by the same sacrifices offered continually, year after year, to perfect those who come to worship.  (2)  For otherwise would they not have ceased to be offered, since the worshipers would have been purified once for all and so have no further consciousness of sin?  (3)  But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year after year.  (4)  For the blood of bulls and goats cannot take away sins.

The process of keeping the letter of the Law and making sacrifices under the Old Covenant, was all pointing to what was needed to happen in the future.

Heb 10:12-19 NET.  But when this priest had offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, he sat down at the right hand  of God,  (13)  where he is now waiting until his enemies are made a footstool for his feet [see Ps 110:1].  (14)  For by one offering he has perfected for all time those who are made holy.  (15)  And the Holy Spirit also witnesses to us, for after saying,  (16)  "This is the covenant that I will establish with them after those days, says the Lord. I will put  my laws on their hearts and I will inscribe them on their minds,"  (17)  then he says, "Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no longer."  (18)  Now where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer any offering for sin.  

After accepting Christ's sacrifice - as shown by our birth by water - something changes in our hearts and minds. We start to put God's law of love to work in our lives, but still being human, we will slip up and sin from time to time. Unlike the people following the Old Covenant, we have the extra benefit of being able to ask for our sins to be forgiven (but we may have to live with the consequences). Once that sin is forgiven, it no longer exists, so we are not required to make a sacrifice. Christ did that for us by living a sinless life and then being willing to die for all humanity.

Heb 9:14-15 NET.  how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our consciences from dead works to worship the living God.  (15)  And so he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the eternal inheritance he has promised, since he died to set them free from the violations committed under the first covenant.

The Old Covenant gave the people the rules for living life in a way that would give the best outcome - God giving His blessing.

The New Covenant outlines a way of changing our human nature to God's nature.

We all start out under the Old Covenant - a child has to learn to take instructions from their parents - and then when we are grown and wiser, we make the move to the New Covenant, when God calls us to Christ.

Act 2:38-39 NET.  Peter said to them, "Repent, and each one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.  (39)  For the promise is for you and your children, and for all who are far away, as many as the Lord our God will call to himself."

Why we need two different events.

The Last Supper or Memorial is required for those who have accepted Christ's sacrifice, and the Passover lamb is sacrificed and eaten by those still under the Old Covenant.

Thus we have two different events at different times with different symbols.

The Passover Festival has the roasted lamb, bitter herbs and unleavened bread.

The Last Supper has the foot washing, leavened bread and wine.

Back to the question - should Christians keep the Passover or the Last Supper?

Since killing and eating a Passover lamb is for people following the Old Covenant, Christians should leave that behind and move on to observing the Last Supper.

To put it another way, if you are fully committed to following Christ, and are trying to follow His instructions, then you will definitely follow the instructions He gave during His last supper here on earth.

Partly right and partly wrong.

The practice of having a service just after sunset on the 14th of the first month of God's calendar, has the time right. However, it is wrong to call it the "Passover", because the Passover lamb is not eaten till the beginning of the 15th.

The service at the start of the 14th should contain the symbols of foot-washing, leavened bread and wine.

Replacing the leavened bread with unleavened bread because of the incorrect name of "Passover" misses the point that Jesus said that He was the "bread of life".

Joh 6:48-51 NET.  I am the bread of life.  (49)  Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died [eating physical bread, or food in general, will not give us eternal life].  (50)  This is the bread that has come down from heaven, so that a person may eat from it and not die [accepting Christ's sacrifice (and all that that means) will give us eternal life]  (51)  I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats from this bread he will live forever. The bread that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh."

I am sure that Jesus followed the OT command (spoken by God) to bring out the unleavened bread at the start of the seven days of Unleavened Bread (Ex 12:15), so on the night before, only leavened bread would have been available. And that fits in with Christ saying that He was "living bread".

Time for a change.

After study, prayer, and meditation, let us leave behind the errors of the past and step into the New Covenant by keeping the Last Supper and leave the Passover for those still under the Old Covenant. 

Bob Orchard  Dec 2010

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